Comparing Tree Fibers vs Bamboo Fibers for Toilet Paper - Which is Better?

When evaluating the sustainability and quality of toilet paper, an important factor to consider is the raw fiber source. Conventional toilet paper is made from tree pulp, while eco-friendly options utilize alternative fibers like bamboo.

But what differences exist between tree fibers and bamboo fibers when it comes to manufacturing toilet paper? In this in-depth comparison, we’ll analyze the characteristics of each to determine which fiber results in superior TP.

Tree Fibers for Toilet Paper - The Dominant Fiber Source

The vast majority of toilet paper today is still made from tree pulp, primarily from three species - spruce, fir and eucalyptus. Tree fibers have historically dominated the toilet paper industry for a few key reasons:

Abundance - Trees were plentiful and could be harvested on a massive scale to meet growing TP demand. Forests seemed like a limitless resource.

Softwoods - Certain species like spruce, pine and fir provide long, thin fibers that felt smoother. Their low resin content also enhanced softness.

Pulpability - The chemistry of coniferous tree wood pulp is well-suited for paper manufacturing using the Kraft pulping process to separate fibers.

Whiteness - Tree pulp can be bleached to achieve the bright white color toilet paper is associated with, especially from softwoods with fewer lignins.

Cost - High availability of trees combined with well-established pulping and processing methods made tree pulp the cheapest fiber option historically.

However, there are some downsides to sourcing toilet paper fibers from trees:

Unsustainable - Trees take decades to mature before they can be harvested. Forests are being depleted faster than trees can regrow.

Weakening Fibers - Tree fibers shorten when recycled, resulting in a loss of softness and strength. Virgin pulp is required to compensate.

Harsh Processing - Tree pulp requires extensive chemical processing and bleaching to isolate fibers and achieve desired softness and color for TP.

Wasteful - On average, over 27,000 trees are flushed down the toilet daily just to produce toilet paper. This represents tremendous wasted resources.

Habitat Destruction - Clear cutting forests for toilet paper pulp leads to destruction of habitats, soil erosion, and impacts watersheds and ecosystems.

While tree fibers established TP pulp, major sustainability issues have motivated the search for alternative fiber sources like bamboo.

Bamboo Fibers for Toilet Paper - The Sustainable Future

Bamboo is a fast growing grass plant that has emerged as an eco-friendly fiber for manufacturing toilet paper sustainably. Here are some of bamboo’s advantages over tree pulp:

Rapid Growth Without Replanting

  • Bamboo matures for harvest in just 3-5 years compared to decades for trees.
  • Bamboo regrows after harvesting from existing root structures, while cut trees must be replanted.
  • This allows bamboo to be harvested repeatedly in a sustainable rotation much more quickly than slow growing trees.

Naturally Soft, Strong Fibers

  • Bamboo fibers contain smooth cellulose and natural oils that make them soft without chemical processing.
  • The fibers have a high tensile strength that maintains durability even when recycled.
  • Less bleaching and additives are required to process bamboo into smooth, white TP.

Abundantly Renewable Supply

  • Bamboo is one of the fastest growing plants globally, capable of growing 3+ feet per day.
  • It achieves high yields per acre compared to sparse forests. Bamboo can produce up to 25% more paper pulp per acre than trees.
  • Bamboo is naturally abundant in Asia. It also grows readily without pesticides across diverse climates.

Biodegradable and Recyclable

  • Unlike wood pulp, bamboo fiber is biodegradable, breaking down naturally through composting.
  • Bamboo TP can be recycled many times over with minimal loss of quality or fiber length.

Carbon Sequestration Benefits

  • As it grows rapidly, bamboo sequesters a large volume of CO2 from the atmosphere.
  • Bamboo plantations can serve as carbon sinks. After harvest for TP, new shoots and biomass quickly regrow, continuing the carbon absorption process.

When compared side by side, the characteristics of bamboo fibers have compelling advantages over tree pulp for producing quality toilet paper sustainably.

How Fiber Source Impacts Toilet Paper Quality

To understand what makes quality toilet paper, we must examine how fiber properties affect key metrics like softness, strength, and absorbency.


Fiber flexibility and surface smoothness determine softness. Bamboo wins here with its naturally smooth, round fibers containing softening oils. Tree fibers require chemical processing to reduce roughness.


Fiber length and density provide durability. Long, dense bamboo fibers maintain their integrity when wet better than shorter tree fibers from recycling.


Fiber density and wicking ability drive water absorption. Bamboo’s dense fibers absorb liquid quickly, while tree fibers can feel more fibrous.


Bleaching removes lignin and impurities to whiten fibers. Bamboo pulp requires less drastic bleaching than tree pulp due to lower initial lignin levels.

By leveraging its fiber properties, bamboo toilet paper meets or exceeds tree pulp TP on key quality metrics. An eco-friendly fiber can also be a premium fiber.

Environmental Impact of Bamboo vs Tree Fibers

Beyond quality, the sustainability of bamboo toilet paper compared to tree-based TP proves a significant advantage:

  • No deforestation - Bamboo regrows rapidly after harvest, reducing pressures on forests.
  • Lower emissions - Bamboo absorbs more CO2 as it grows swiftly than slow growing trees.
  • Less chemical use - Bamboo requires fewer bleaching agents and processing chemicals.
  • Degradable - Bamboo TP breaks down post-use rather than occupying landfills indefinitely.
  • Less energy, water - Bamboo pulp production utilizes fewer resources compared to intensive wood pulp making.
  • Higher yield - More bamboo pulp can be generated per acre than sparse tree forests.
  • Reusable - Bamboo fibers maintain strength when recycled, allowing more reuse cycles.

Across the board, bamboo fiber for toilet paper aligns with principles of environmental stewardship much better than fiber sources requiring deforestation.

The Verdict: Bamboo Is The Clear Winner

When we compare the fiber properties side by side, bamboo is superior to tree pulp for manufacturing environmentally friendly toilet paper:

  • Renewability: Bamboo regrows in years after harvest whereas trees take decades.
  • Strength: Bamboo fibers remain strong when recycled versus tree fibers that get shorter and weaker.
  • Softness: Bamboo’s smooth round fibers are softer without chemical processing and bleaching.
  • Absorbency: Bamboo’s dense fibers create a very absorbent toilet paper sheet.
  • Sustainability: Bamboo TP is compostable, biodegradable and recyclable with less environmental impact.

The evidence shows bamboo represents the future of sustainable toilet paper production while tree pulp clings to the unsustainable practices of the past.

With a superior fiber, there is no need to choose between premium quality toilet paper and eco-friendly paper. Bamboo offers the best of both worlds.

Making the Switch to Bamboo Toilet Paper

Part of driving positive change is consumers opting to purchase products made from environmentally responsible materials like bamboo.

Bamboo toilet paper offers the same softness, strength and absorbency as conventional TP while aligning with green values. By switching from tree pulp to bamboo TP, we all help prompt industries to adopt more sustainable practices.

Our bamboo toilet paper company, Recircle Bamboo, provides an easy option for green consumers looking to make the eco switch. Our premium 3-ply bamboo TP is strong, soft, absorbent and plastic-free. Learn more at

The choice of raw materials ultimately shapes the sustainability of a product. When comparing toilet papers, bamboo fibers prove far superior to tree pulp for quality, renewability and reducing environmental impact. The advantages of bamboo make it the clear winner.

Back to blog